Parakram Diwas 2023  ;: Today, on the 126th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, the country is celebrating Parakram Diwas 2023. Netaji was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Odisha. After completing his BA in Philosophy in 1918, Bose became a leader of the young, radical wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s. His and his ‘Azad Hind Fauj”s contribution to India’s independence was invaluable and unforgettable. Today, on the birth anniversary of Netaji, let’s know those facts of Azad Hind Fauj i.e. Indian National Army, which you may not know…
‘Azad Hind Fauj’.. Unknown Facts
Formation of Azad Hind Fauj was not easy
The second world war had started. Subhash Chandra Bose had completed the journey of many countries including Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. The purpose of these visits was to overthrow the British government from India by strengthening mutual alliance with the rest of the countries. During 1921-1941, Netaji showed amazing courage for complete independence. Because of this he had to go to jail 11 times. Bose went to jail for the first time on 16 July 1921 for 6 months. In 1941, he was supposed to appear in the Calcutta court in connection with a case, but he went to Germany.
Birth of Azad Hind Fauj abroad
After reaching Germany, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose first met the then Chancellor Hitler. During the Second World War itself, in the year 1942, an armed force named Azad Hind Fauj i.e. Indian National Army (INA) was formed. Whose aim was to uproot the British roots from India. Azad Hind Fauj was founded by revolutionary leader Rasbihari Bose in Tokyo, Japan. From 28 to 30 March 1942, Netaji was called to discuss this army. The command of this army was handed over to Netaji on October 21, 1943.
‘Azad Hind Fauj’ formed from people taken prisoner in Japan
Azad Hind Fauj was not a small army. There was a lot of cooperation from Japan in this. When Netaji took command of the Azad Hind Fauj, it had 45,000 soldiers, who were living in different countries of South East Asia along with war-prisoners. In 1944, Netaji went to Andaman where the Japanese were in possession, where he hoisted the Indian flag. After this the number of this army increased to 85,000. It also had a women’s unit, which was commanded by Captain Lakshmi Swaminathan. First of all, those people were included in this army, who were taken captive by Japan. Later Indian volunteers based in Burma and Malaya also joined this army. People living outside the country became part of this army.
Women Detectives of Azad Hind Fauj
Netaji had given equal opportunity to women in Azad Hind Fauj. Many girls were given training in the women’s regiment. Some girls were given medical as well as espionage training. Even today the names of spies like Neera Arya and Saraswati Rajamani come first. Both of them worked for a long time with the British police in the guise of boys. From here the necessary information was conveyed to Netaji. Once one of her companions was caught, Saraswati was also shot in the leg to save her, but somehow she reached Netaji and handed over important information to the British government.
Entry of Azad Hind Fauj in India
To liberate India from the British Raj, in the year 1944, Azad Hind Fauj tried to come to India through Imphal and Kohima but did not get success. Meanwhile, many soldiers were arrested and prosecuted. This incident enthused the countrymen and in support of the Azad Hind Fauj, people came out on the streets. The demand for the release of the soldiers was raised and the slogan of ‘Delhi Chalo’ and salute ‘Jai Hind’ of Azad Hind Fauj echoed fiercely. Women also helped shoulder to shoulder in this fight.
Provisional government formed with the help of Azad Hind Fauj
The flag was hoisted for the first time on March 19, 1944 in the Azad Hind Fauj. Those who hoisted the national flag included Colonel Shaukat Malik, some Manipuri and Azad Hind soldiers. It is a matter of October 21, 1943, then Subhash Chandra Bose was the supreme commander of Azad Hind Army, he formed the temporary government of independent India with the help of this army. Which was also recognized by many countries, including Germany, Japan, Philippines, Korea, China, Italy, Manchukuo and Ireland.